Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Introduction: Aristotle, provided his account of morality, then Hume also has his own set of morality. In which, Hume mentions that Ã¢â¬Å"reason is the salve of the passionÃ¢â¬ (Prompt). While, AristotleÃ¢â¬â¢s view is that passions are the slaves of reasons. Even though both have their own sets of morality, one of them has a better concept of morality. Hume has his own set of morals in which there are flaws. In this paper, I shall have to agree with Aristotle over Hume. AristotleÃ¢â¬â¢s concept that our passions are the slaves of reasons. In this paper, I will agree with Aristotle and I would have to disagree with Hume. I shall start off with a brief introduction of AristotleÃ¢â¬â¢s morals. Next, I will move on to the reasons why Aristotle has a better reasons than Hume. Then finally, I will give my closing remarks on the topic. Summary: In the reading Ã¢â¬Å"Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals,Ã¢â¬ the first section of Immanuel Kant, talks about that everything in this Ã¢â¬Å"world, or even out of it, which can be regarded as good without qualification, except, a good willÃ¢â¬ (Cahn 74). There must be the good will somewhere in this world. He then continues on to say that the good will is Ã¢â¬Å"good not because of what it effects or accomplishes, nor because of its fitness to attain some proposed end, it is good only through its willing, it is good in itselfÃ¢â¬ (Cahn 74). And this is based on reason. Kant introduces the idea of an organized being, Ã¢â¬Å"one suitably adapted to the purpose of life, let there be taken as aShow MoreRelatedAristotle And Aristotle s Views On Morality1394 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesBoth Aristotle and Aquinas, are both considered to be in the discussion of ancient/medieval thinkers. 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string(102) " shed light on the work that has already been done in this field by various hotels and organizations\." HOTEL INDUSTRY AND THE ENVIRONMENT By VASUNDHARA TANWAR LITERATURE REVIEW When we talk of hotels we never think that something like that could have an impact on the environment and people would spend millions of rupees and infinite number of hours to deal with this so called impact. However this is absolutely the case. The seemingly small problem is literally taking the world by storm. We will write a custom essay sample on Hotels and the Environment or any similar topic only for you Order Now So much so that national governments, hotels and even the UN are taking steps in order to find solutions to this problem. Extensive research has been done in the recent years by economists and scientists etc to come up with the most sustainable ways to run hotels since the degradation of the environment is a major concern worldwide. Papers like Ã¢â¬Å"An analysis of environmental management, organizational context and performance of Spanish hotelsÃ¢â¬ by M. J. Alvarez which addresses the factors that determine the deployment of environmental management practices and its effects on firmsÃ¢â¬â¢ financial performance have been published. Results find support for the notion that age of facilities, size, chain affiliation, stakeholder environmental pressures, and their use of operations management techniques exert a lasting influence on the degree of implementation of environmental management practices by hotel firms. Moreover, findings show a positive relationship between environmental management practices and firmsÃ¢â¬â¢ financial performance. Various other economists in different countries have drawn similar conclusions. The United Nations environment programme also published a guide Ã¢â¬Å"how the hotel and tourism industry can protect the ozone layerÃ¢â¬ . Environmental Good Practice in Hotels, published by UNEP IE and the International Hotel Restaurant Association (IHRA), presents 15 case studies selected from the IHRA annual Environmental Award. The case studies document environmental programmes initiated by independent hotels and international chains across the globe Ã¢â¬â in Australia, Asia, Africa, Europe and North America. Action areas include environmental policy, design and construction, water, energy, waste, emissions, purchasing, staff training, and guest communication. The range of environmental initiatives featured is extensive, from simple recycling easures to water conservation using the latest technology, and from resorts built to strict environmental guidelines, to small hotels where the personal commitment of the general manager drives environmental activities. All case studies highlight the environmental and economic benefits gained by the actions taken. Also included are examples of environmental initiatives take n by national hotel associations, and a list of sources on environmental management publications and programmes in the hotel industry. These are just some examples of what is being said and done by organizations that observe what is going on. The actual participants, the hotels, are also not far behind. Many hotels have come up with various innovative ways to contribute to the betterment of the environment. Some of them have won various awards for this very purpose. Hotels now days strive to achieve the ECOTELÃ ® certification which is primarily the hallmark for environmentally sensitive hotels. One of the pioneers in such activities would be the orchid group of hotels. However, there are others that strive to achieve excellence in this cause and some have been quite successful too. INTRODUCTION Most countries rely heavily on the services sector for its growth. A major part of this sector is tourism. Tourism is one of the leading growth sectors of the economy and brings in billions of dollars for developing countries. When we talk about tourism we can hardly isolate it from talk of hotels. Hotels in a sense are synonymous with tourism and one cannot be talked about without reference to the other. The growth of the tourism industry has greatly increased the amount of stress on the environment. Now each individual has varying degrees of impact on the environment which largely depends on the personal choices made by individuals and is scattered world over. The same is true for hotels. They have an effect on the biodiversity right from its conception. This makes it imperative for us to study exactly how and where do hotels affect our environment, what can be done to reduce this impact and how aware is the current generation of hotels regarding this issue. Taking the example of India we see that as a result of increasing tourism in Goa, developers built several hotels. The hotels soon drew up to 66,000 gallons of water per day from wells and other local sources. Many of the wells and rivers the community had relied on went dry. This is a common problem in many areas where tourism runs into the limits of natural resources. With various such instances in several parts of the world today, ECOTOURISMÃ¢â¬âtourism that is nature-oriented and environmentally focusedÃ¢â¬âis growing rapidly. This represents a growing market for environmentally friendly options in the tourism industry. Ecotourism aside, many in the hotel industry have recognized the negative impact their business activities have on the environment and have taken action to alleviate those impacts. Environmentally responsible business practices dovetail well with the newfound popularity of ecotourism. They harmonize tourism and environmental sustainability. This awareness has given rise to what can be called the Ã¢â¬Å"GREEN HOTELSÃ¢â¬ . The term Ã¢â¬Å"green hotelsÃ¢â¬ describes hotels that strive to be more environment friendly through the efficient use of energy, water, and materials while providing quality services. Green hotels conserve and preserve by saving water, reducing energy use, and reducing solid waste. They have seen benefits such as reduced costs and liabilities, high return and low-risk investments, increased profits, and positive cash flows. Identifying these benefits and incentives has allowed the popularity of green hotels to grow. Hotels are consistently becoming greener. The most costly and wasteful use of resources in hotels are usually in the consumption of nonrenewable energy, excessive water use, and the generation of waste. Through this paper we would try to point out the complex nature of the impact that hotels have on our environment and the steps that can be taken in order to minimize this impact as much as possible. We would also like to shed light on the work that has already been done in this field by various hotels and organizations. You read "Hotels and the Environment" in category "Papers" Many organizations have done commendable work in trying to reduce their ecological footprint and have, in some sense, become pioneers and inspiration for others. For instance, the orchid group of hotels is pretty known for the kind of work it does. IMPACTS Tourism has a fairly large environmental footprint. Hotels, being at the heart of it, shoulder the responsibility for this. The following table shows that hotels are responsible for 21% of total emissions generated by tourism industry. These just constitute one part of their impact which in reality has many layers and levels to it. The hotels have an impact on the biodiversity at each stage of its life cycle, right from planning to its closure. These impacts could be summarized as follows: At the planning stage, the most important issue in determining the level of impact that a hotel will have relates to choices about its location and design. Even the most sustainably operated hotel will have major impacts if it is built in a biodiversity-sensitive area. Choices about the materials that will be used to construct the hotel, where those materials will come from and the total physical footprint of the hotel will also influence how significant its impacts will be in the operational stage. At the construction stage, impact is determined by the size and location of the area cleared for development and where construction activities are taking place, the choice of construction methods, the sources and amount and type of materials, water and energy used to build the hotel, the location of temporary camps for construction workers, inadequate storage facilities for construction materials, the amount of construction waste that has to be disposed of, and other types of damage such as surface soil erosion or compaction caused by construction activities or disruption of natural water flows and drainage patterns. In the operational stage, a hotelÃ¢â¬â¢s impact comes mainly from the energy, water, food and other resources that are consumed in running the hotel, by the solid and liquid wastes it produces, by the way its grounds are managed, and by the direct impacts of its guests. In addition, regular renovation and replacement of furniture, appliances and facilities can cause impacts through purchasing choices and increased waste generation. Using energy and water more efficiently, using organic and sustainably produced food, reducing, treating and disposing of waste appropriately, making sustainable purchasing decisions and managing gardens with natural-style plantings can all help a hotel to reduce its adverse impacts on biodiversity. Similarly, a hotelÃ¢â¬â¢s relationship with host communities not only affects the sustainable operations of the hotel but also the use of environmental resources by communities themselves. At the closure stage, a hotelÃ¢â¬â¢s impacts come from the disposal of materials removed from the hotel to refurbish it, convert it for other uses, or demolish it, nd from the work involved in these activities. It may be possible to reuse and recycle some materials, but there may also be some toxic materials, particularly from older buildings, which will require careful handling and management. A responsible hotel operator should also foresee supporting activities of ecological restoration as requir ed. Responsible siting and design, the effective management of energy and water consumption, and the proper disposal of wastewater and solid waste are important challenges for any hotel hoping to improve the sustainability of its operations. Now even though a hotel has environmental impact through different stages of its lifecycle the most easily cited and the longest running impact that they have is at their operational stage since once a hotel has been built, it stays in the business for very many years under normal circumstances. The day to day running has impacts which are a lot times ignored in the overall picture. This mostly becomes the case because individually, hotels do not have a significant impact on the environment. Collectively however, they can be very wasteful and use huge amount of resources. It has been estimated that seventy-five percent of hotelsÃ¢â¬â¢ environmental impacts can be directly related to excessive consumption. This is wasteful in terms of resources and creates unnecessary operational costs. The three key areas of environmental impact are energy, water, and waste. Energy Ã¢â¬â Excessive energy use is extremely costly and with minor adjustments, it can lead to massive cost savings. According to Gossling et. al. (2005), Ã¢â¬Å"the average energy consumption per bed per night in hotels might be in the order of 130 Mega joules. Hotels generally use more energy per visitor that local residents, as they have energy intense facilities, such as bars, restaurants, and pools, and have more spacious rooms. Studies have determined that a hotel emits an average 20. 6 kg of carbon dioxide per night. Waste Ã¢â¬â A study conducted by Bohdanowicz(2005) also indentified that hotels are not only resource intensive and that waste generation is on e of the most visible effects on the environment. One estimate identified that Ã¢â¬Å"an average hotel produces in excess of one kilogram of waste per guest per dayÃ¢â¬ . Approximately thirty percent of waste in hotels can be diverted through reuse and recycling. WaterÃ Ã¢â¬â Tourists and residents alike require a clean and dependable supply of water for survival including drinking, cooking and cleansing. However, water is integral to the amenities usually expected by tourists, such as swimming pools, landscaped gardens, and golf courses. Water also supports industries such as agriculture that support the tourism industry (Pigram, 1995). Thus, tourists demand more water than local resident s on a per capita basis (Essex, Kent ; Newnham, 2004). It has been estimated by Salen (1995) that 15,000 cubic meters of water would typically supply 100 rural farmers for three years and 100 urban families for two years, yet only supply 100 luxury hotel guests for less than two months (Holden, 2000). In dryer regions, touristsÃ¢â¬â¢ water consumption can amount to 440 liters a day per tourist, which is almost double the average amount of water used by residents in Spain (UNEP, 2008). In destinations that do not have the required infrastructure and systems to manage these impacts, severe degradation of the environment can occur. The following table summarizes the environmental impact of the day to day workings of any hotel Service/Activity| Description| Main Environmental Impacts| Administration| Hotel management Reception of clients| Energy, water and materials (mainly paper) Generation of waste and hazardous waste (toner cartridges)| Technical Services| Equipment for producing hot water and heating Air conditioning Lighting Swimming pools Green areas Mice and insect extermination Repairs and maintenance| Energy and water consumption Consumption and generation of a wide range of hazardous products Air and soil emissions Generation of waste water Pesticides use| Restaurant/bar| Breakfast, lunch, dinner Beverages and snacks| Energy, water and raw materials consumption Packaging waste Organic waste| Kitchen| Food conservation Food preparation Dish washing| Consumption of energy and water Packaging waste Oil waste Organic waste Generation of odours| Room Use| Use by guests Products for guestsÃ¢â¬â¢ use Housekeeping| Energy, water and raw materials consumption Use of hazardous products Generation of waste packaging Generation of waste water| Laundry| Washing and ironing of guest clothes Washing and ironing of hotel linens| Consumption of energy and water Use of hazardous cleaning products Generation of waste waterÃ | (Graci, 2009) This gives us a clear enough picture of the ecological impacts of hotels. Thus it becomes imperative that each hotel recognizes them and takes initiative to curb these impacts. With the growth of the tourism sector all over the world and with more and more hotels coming up each day these small things become issues of epic proportions when looked at collectively. In a time when our environment is in a very fragile condition one canÃ¢â¬â¢t ignore such a situation. The sooner hotels realize this the better it would be. However, these issues were not even brought to light till very recently. The annual hospitality consultantsÃ¢â¬â¢ conference in 2007 did not even mention any of the environmental issues that plagued hotels in their top 10 problems of the industry. BEST PRACTICES There are many green practices that hotels can implement and they also help save unnecessary costs. There can be many ways in which a hotel can reduce its footprint. Some of them can be: * Not discharging waste in water bodies Ã¢â¬â prevents pollution. * Recycling Use of compact fluorescent lights Ã¢â¬â saves energy. * Reuse of linens Ã¢â¬â saves water, detergent, energy and greenhouse gases. * Low-flow shower systems Ã¢â¬â saves water and energy. * Local products Ã¢â¬â save transportation costs. * Installation of green roofs Ã¢â¬â saves energy. * Installation of solar heaters or other renewable energy source Ã¢â¬â saves energy. These points are jus t a brief outline to what can really be done in order to go green. The possibilities as such are endless. There are some more sophisticated and cost heavy methods that can also be undertaken. BENEFITS OF GOING GREEN Cost benefits Financial savings are one of the most significant factors that influence the implementation of environmental initiatives in a hotel. This is especially evident for hotel businesses that operate in a highly competitive market and where the cost of energy, water and waste disposal are high. Hotel operators that can maximize their efficiency and reduce waste will be more cost-effective than their competitors. Hotels also use large amounts of energy to keep guests cool in hot temperatures, and equally large amounts of energy to keep them warm during the winter. In some destinations, hotels place an additional, sometimes unsustainable demand on local water resources and generate large quantities of food and packaging waste. Despite the setup costs and the possible lengthy return on investment associated with environmental initiatives, the economic benefits usually outweigh the cost of implementation. Starting with projects that are less capital intensive Ã¢â¬â such as retrofitting light bulbs, energy metering, and training staff to be conscious of energy use Ã¢â¬â can lead to substantial cost savings. Competitive advantage Green programs can provide a competitive advantage to leaders as long as green activities continue to be voluntary. Over time, however, green practices in the hospitality industry will become a baseline requirement, particularly as the cost of non-renewable energy continues to rise, regulatory pressure increases, and consumers become more demanding. Therefore, hotels with business models that revolve around green practices will have the strongest opportunity to achieve a competitive advantage by being ahead of the emerging sustainability curve. Employee retention Employees are identified as one of the greatest benefits of going green. Employees, like hotel guests, are increasingly sophisticated and Ã¢â¬Å"tunedÃ¢â¬ into current thinking in society and are far more likely to identify with an employer whose principles and practices are aligned with their values. Environmental programs have proved to be an effective means of generating enthusiasm and motivating staff to work as a team to achieve a common purpose. Many hotel companies use environmental programs as a staff incentive Ã¢â¬â the financial savings earned are translated into cash or other rewards such as in-house events or trips. Employee turnover rate in the hotel sector is relatively high therefore increasing the retention rate will also save the business money in training of new staff. Customer loyalty There has been a shift in the expectations and demands of consumers. The typical hotel guest of today is more sophisticated and to varying degrees is likely to be concerned about environmental issues such as recycling bottles, cans and paper at home as well as making greener lifestyle choices, such as organic food or fuel-efficient vehicles. Many guests however, make their decision to stay at a hotel facility based on location, amenities, and service. The implementation of environmental initiatives may play a smaller role in a guestÃ¢â¬â¢s choice of a property. The influence from customers however occurs when their level of awareness increases and they come to expect environmental practices such as recycling. Despite first-time guests basing their decisions on location, amenities and service, customer loyalty may increase once they have experienced a hotel which has demonstrated a level of environmental commitment. Regulatory compliance Hotels must anticipate future regulatory changes and implement initiatives to mitigate the possible costly effects of emerging regulation. Savvy businesses are aware that regulations do not have to be a negative restraint on their daily operations Ã¢â¬â in fact, they can offer opportunities to gain an advantage over competitors. Some environmental regulations are good for economic competition as they stimulate innovation that can offset the cost of compliance. By implementing measures in the face of societal and egulatory pressures, unexpected, but substantial cost savings as well as potential new areas of profit may be found. The hotel industry worldwide is increasingly being regulated for waste, water, energy use and greenhouse gas emission. Being aware of pending rule changes will allow you to adopt measures in advance, and avoid potentially higher future costs which may be associated with compliance. Risk management Risk minimization is now viewed as incr easingly intertwined with good corporate social responsibility and governance. Managing risk is as much about minimizing the potential damage from decisions and actions taken from within a company as it is about managing external exposure. Traditionally, a hotelÃ¢â¬â¢s risk management strategy has been focused on health and safety concerns around food and water, pest infestation, fire or water damage, outbreaks of disease, and guest security and safety. In recent years however, environmental and social issues are emerging as a key risk issue for the lodging sector. Environmental risks include: * Water and land contamination. * Air and noise pollution. Supply chain environmental practices. * Waste management. Environmental risks also have an impact on the cost of capital for businesses of various types and sizes, and may affect the value of a company over the long term. In addition, the investment community is increasingly regarding excellence in environmental management and performance as an indication of the quality and aptitude of management in general. Som e insurance companies and lenders are beginning to selectively adjust their rates based on environmental criteria stipulated by ethical funds. Companies that integrate the environment into their business decisions and reduce their environmental risk and potential liabilities are in a better position to secure investment and reduce their financial and reputational market exposure (Graci and Dodds, 2009). Cause itÃ¢â¬â¢s the right thing to do! Beyond regulation and compliance, many environmental and social initiatives are voluntary. Whether driven by cost savings or a principled strategy, the hotel industry is recognizing the environment, the community and their human capital as a valuable resource to be protected. Long-term business sustainability will depend on this. Many hotels have implemented social initiatives and corporate social responsibility (CSR) into their regular day-to-day practices. Corporate social responsibility in the hotel industry ideally exists in human resources management, the local community, and through promoting and practicing environmental initiatives and is heavily influenced by internal and external forces. CSR has been widely expanding throughout the hotel industry, mainly to prove that corporate unethical behavior is no longer a problem. Thus, hotels are embarking on being ethical through social initiatives by protecting and supporting communities, their human resources, and by implementing environmental initiatives. Many international and local hotels are becoming involved in corporate social responsibility in order to extend their brand knowledge to different types of audiences, to gain employee retention and improved competitive advantage, and lastly because it is Ã¢â¬Å"the right thing to doÃ¢â¬ . Sixty-five percent of the top 100 companies in the world employ some sort of corporate social responsibility statement featured on their websites. Several multinational companies have gained a very negative brand reputation based on their past unethical practices. Larger companies have been criticized as being the main culprit in releasing excess greenhouse emissions, climate change, environmental devastation, and unfair treatment of employees. Due to such criticisms and negative publicity, many businesses have increased the focus on corporate social responsibility. HIGH ACHIEVERS When it comes to hotels that are environmentally sustainable the first name that comes to mind is the Orchid group of hotels. The OrchidÃ became AsiaÃ¢â¬â¢s first Five Star hotel to win the ECOTELÃ ® certification shortly after opening in May of 1997 and today (January 2011) is the only Hotel in the World to win overÃ 80Ã international / national awards in 13 years from inception. Under the management ofÃ The OrchidÃ Owner Vithal Kamat, the hotel has earned more environmental accolades than any other hotel in the world. With this latest achievement,Ã The OrchidÃ becomes one of only six hotels in the world to maintain top-level, Ã¢â¬Å"five-globe,Ã¢â¬ ECOTELÃ ®-Certification. Though orchid group is a pioneer in environmentally friendly hotels, others ave also done substantial work. The fern group of hotels in India being one of them. The Uppal in New Delhi, Seasons in Pune etc are other ecotel hotels. Various international hotels are also actively involved in such projects that put environmental sustainability at its fore. In conclusion it can be said that though environmental sustainabi lity is big problem that is plaguing the hospitality industry, itÃ¢â¬â¢s still not too late to correct the situation. References * www. uneptie. org * http://www. concepthospitality. com * Accor 2010, Ã¢â¬ËChild ProtectionÃ¢â¬â¢. Retrieved February 04, 2010 fromÃ http://www. accor. com/en/sustainable-development/ego-priorities/child-protection. html * Alexander, S 2002, Green Hotels: Opportunities and Resources for Success. Portland: Zero Waste Alliance. * Bohdanowicz, P 2005, Ã¢â¬ËEuropean HoteliersÃ¢â¬â¢ Environmental Attitudes: Greening the Business, Cornell Hotel and Restaurant Administration Quarterly, vol. 46, no. 2, pp. 188-204. * Bohdanowicz, P 2006, Ã¢â¬ËEnvironmental Awareness and Initiatives in the Swedish and Polish Hotel Industries Ã¢â¬â Survey ResultsÃ¢â¬â¢ International Journal of Hospitality Management, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 662-668. * Bohdanowicz, P. and Zientara, P. 2008, Ã¢â¬ËCorporate Social Responsibility in Hospitality: Issues and Implications. A Case Study of ScandicÃ¢â¬â¢ Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 271-293. * Brebbia, C. A. and Pineda, F. D. 2004, Sustainable Tourism. WIT Press, Boston. * Claver- Cortes, E. , Molina-Azorin, J. F. P ereira-Moliner, J. , Lopez-Gamero, M. D. 2007, Ã¢â¬ËEnvironmental Strategies and Their Impact on Hotel PerformanceÃ¢â¬â¢ Journal of Sustainable Tourism. , vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 663-679. * Dodds, R. 005, Barriers to the Implementation of Sustainable Tourism Policy in Destinations. University of Surrey School of Management, Surrey. * Essex, S. , Kent, M. , ; Newnham, R. 2004, Ã¢â¬ËTourism development in Mallorca: Is water supply a constraint? Ã¢â¬Ë Journal of Sustainable Tourism, vol 12, no. 1, pp. 4-28. * Fairmont Hotel and Resorts 2001, The Green Partnership Guide. A Practical Guide to Greening your Hotel, 2nd edition, Toronto * Fairmont Hotels and Resorts 2008, Corporate Responsibility. Retrieved February 04, 2010, fromhttp://www. fairmont. com/EN_FA/AboutFairmont/enviroment/Awards/CorporateEn How to cite Hotels and the Environment, Papers
Sunday, April 26, 2020
Life is full of unexpected incidents. Some anticipated stories do not happen the way we have always wanted. Some days, nights, ways and fights keep repeating in our life. However, it can be pretty funny to look back to the past where many embarrassing moments occur in our days and nights, leaving an abiding memory that cannot be possibly forgotten. The same goes to me as IÃ¢â¬â¢m one of the creatures created by God. Scientists call me Homosapien but the world would rather address me as a human being. There are many embarrassing incidents in my life dictionary and most of them are still playing in my mind. Oh, what a memory. There was one day when I accidentally humiliated myself in front of my friends in class. It is not that I was doing something incredibly awesome or what, but I had made something that caused me to look stupid in front of others. We will write a custom essay sample on The Most Embarrassing Incident in My Life or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page I was in my dream; rowing my boat under a romantic blaze of light. There, sitting next to me was Tyra with her unquestionable beauty. She smiled at me and I automatically curved a smile back to her. Assuming that as a license, I began serenading her with my not-so-good songs, pretending the rower of the boat as a guitar. Suddenly, she moved closer to me, whispering to my ear something that I had always wanted to hear a long time ago. Ã¢â¬Å"I love you, Ben,Ã¢â¬ she said it smoothly, as smooth as the slightest breeze on that historical night. O. M. G. Those were the only letters appeared in my small brain, causing me to be in the seventh heaven! I released my Ã¢â¬ËguitarÃ¢â¬â¢ and stood up on the boat. With my whole heart, I spread my arms, closed my eyes and expressed as loud as I could, Ã¢â¬Å"Oh, Tyra! I love you too, my darling! Ã¢â¬ . Suddenly, the background song in my dream stopped playing my love sensation. Things went into a deep silence. At last, I heard a voiceÃ¢â¬ ¦ Nope, my mistake! Not a voice, but a lot of voices! I opened my eyes, one by one, realizing I was not in my boat anymore. Guess what- I was in my class, standing in front of my turned-aback-teacher with my arms still spreading to everyone. My classmates? They were laughing, probably at me. Oh, no. Did they hear what I said in my dream just now? I turned around and looked at Tyra. She was sitting at the corner of the class, trying to hide her red embarrassed face. Oh yes, she must have heard my romantic expression. My other friends were still laughing meaning that they heard it too. How embarrassing. My teacher looked at me with a smile and then the smile also turned into laughter. Mrs Chin tried to calm everyone while she herself could not hold her emotion. That was it. TyraÃ¢â¬â¢s face was really red, and I could not imagine how red my face compared to her. I sat back on my chair and pretended not to know anything. Even though everything turned quiet again after a few hours, I was still embarrassed with the incident. I thought that it would be the last time for me to be the butt of the joke in my class. However, my expectation was wrong. The next day, I found a letter under my desk. It was in a pink envelope. Judging from the look of the hand writing, I already knew that it was from Tyra. My heart beat faster unconsciously and my brain stopped functioning. I opened the letter and the last words from it caught my attention. It said: I Do Not Have Any Feelings Towards You, Ben. The words broke my heart into pieces. At that particular time, I was once again humiliated with one-sided-love. Yesterday, my embarrassment was filled with laughter but that day, it was accompanied with tears. I said to myself, Ã¢â¬Å"Oh God, I wish I never wake upÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ Water crystals suddenly wetted my face. Well, that plot of my life is now available in my diary. Every time I spend my time reading it, I laugh at myself and at the end; I regret the opportunity that I have lost in order to tackle Tyras heart. I donÃ¢â¬â¢t even have a chance to confess my feelings to her and the chance of our eyes staring at each other. If I do have one, I will say, Ã¢â¬Å"Baby, look at your face through my eyes and youÃ¢â¬â¢ll find yourself the most beautiful person you have ever seen. Ã¢â¬ However, IÃ¢â¬â¢m fine now (Obviously lying to myself). Though it was the most embarrassing and painful moment in my life, yet it still makes my life more colourful. At least, I have something to learn from which is not to sleep in class and dream about Tyra again. The best part right now is that I will never go out with Tyra anymore and I can go anywhere in my dream with my boat, as I am the only one left in it.
Thursday, March 19, 2020
Reducing Energy Emission Role of University and Government Introduction There are different ways of reducing energy use and GHG emissions. These include the use of electricity, transport and industrial output for less coal, oil or gasoline. GHG emissions have adverse effects and thus need to be addressed right from homes, institutions and state government (Australian Greenhouse Office, 2007).Advertising We will write a custom assessment sample on Reducing Energy Emission: Role of University and Government specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Barriers and Benefits of Less GHG Emission Methods The use of less GHG emission methods entails experiencing benefits as well as barriers. Benefits that are experienced include health, high agricultural production, energy security and natural ecosystems preservation. These benefits contribute to growth and development of a nation. Barriers of using less GHG emissions methods include lack of available technology, difficulty in implementing of policies concerni ng GHG and finances to cater for the same. Barriers of Public Transport Public transport such as bus travel has got barriers that make the means unattractive. This is despite of its importance and the role it can play in reducing energy consumption and GHG emissions. Time of operation for instance is not reliable hence making it unattractive. It can cause delay in terms of departure time hence affecting other businesses of the day. It is also unreliable because it cannot reach everybody. In most cases bus travel do not serve all home addresses hence to other people it is out of reach. In addition, bus travel is expensive as compared to private car travel. These challenges discourage people from using the public means and opting for private means. Public transport such as bus travel is advantageous in that it is one way of using less energy at same time reducing greenhouse emissions. Moreover it reduces congestions in the cities. This in return reduces traffic jams and parking proble ms. It is also relatively cheap means of travel especially to students who have no income. It also encourages unity among people. This is because people of different backgrounds meet in the buses and learns to accommodate each other.Advertising Looking for assessment on environmental studies? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Assessment of UNSW In Terms of Transport The UNSW has been in the forefront in encouraging public transport travel. They have been informing people via their website about public transport such as buses, train and cycling. They also inform people on the operations such as fare, route of operation and timetable. They also encourage by subsidizing the bus fare hence making it more affordable to most of the students. The parking fee within the university is deliberately made high so that it discourages private vehicles. On the other hand, the UNSW provide funds that encourage cycling within the unive rsity. It also encourages its staff to use public transport by offering discount on annual transport passes. All these policies encourage one to use public transport to and from the university. The NSW State Government in Australia The NSW government has come up with policies that are meant to discourage private transport and at the same time encourage public means of transport. These include a long term plan of increasing infrastructure such as rail and buses at the residential places. This ensures that public transport is available at a convenient time and place (NSW Transport and Infrastructure, 2011). Conclusion Public transport is advantageous as compared to private transport. It is recorded to consume less energy and reducing GHG emissions. NSW government and other institutions such as UNSW have played a big role in encouraging public transport. References Australian Greenhouse Office, Department of the Environment and Water Resources 2007, National Greenhouse Gas Inventory An alysis of Recent Trends and Greenhouse Indicators. NSW Transport and Infrastructure, Integrating Land Use and Transport. Web.Advertising We will write a custom assessment sample on Reducing Energy Emission: Role of University and Government specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More
Monday, March 2, 2020
13 Theatrical Terms in Popular Usage 13 Theatrical Terms in Popular Usage 13 Theatrical Terms in Popular Usage By Mark Nichol The rich vocabulary of the theatrical world has inspired use of various terms of the art in other realms of human endeavor. Many of them are also employed in (or to refer to) politics which, we note with various emotions, has always been an activity akin to theater. HereÃ¢â¬â¢s a list of such words and phrases. 1. Backstage This term for the area behind and to either side of a stage where actors and technicians, unseen, perform tasks or await entrances and make exits now also denotes behind-the-scenes activities, especially ones that are secretive because of their unsavory nature. 2. Break a Leg The origin of this traditional theater slang for Ã¢â¬Å"Good luckÃ¢â¬ is disputed: The prevailing theory is that theatrical folk, being superstitious, pretend to wish others bad luck before a performance so that doing the opposite will not provoke supernatural retribution. An alternate notion is that it refers to the act of bowing (which previously involved the bending, or Ã¢â¬Å"breaking,Ã¢â¬ of oneÃ¢â¬â¢s legs) and is meant to convey a hope that one will be enthusiastically applauded for oneÃ¢â¬â¢s performance. 3. Bow The genuflection of a performer to acknowledge applause probably stems from when performances were presented to royalty. To take a bow, in common usage, is to figuratively do the same, to respond to positive attention received for some accomplishment. 4. Cue A cue is a signal, as for an actor to go onstage or undertake some audible activity offstage that is part of the script, or for a technician to perform a task, such as activating a light source. In general usage, the word refers to responding to some stimulus or hint. 5. Curtain Call When audience applause persists past the point at which the performanceÃ¢â¬â¢s cast has taken a bow (or two or three), the principal performer may stride out onto the lip of the stage, in front of the curtain, which has fallen to the stage for the final time, to humbly incline oneÃ¢â¬â¢s head and upper body in acknowledgment of adulation (or, in the case of a woman, to curtsy that word, by the way, is a corruption of courtesy). The term also refers to any such final gesture in any arena. 6. Dress Rehearsal The final run-through of a performance before presentation in front of a full audience is called a dress rehearsal because it is traditionally the first time that the production is presented in costume. In general usage, it can refer to practice for any presentation or activity. 7. Green Room The green room refers to one or more areas backstage where actors can remain when they are not performing or about to go onstage. Supposedly, the term originated when a green material was attached to the walls of such a chamber to prevent costumes from being soiled by dirty surfaces and/or to muffle sound. It now refers as well to any staging area where one awaits relocation before a performance or activity. 8. House The house, in entertainment parlance, is the auditorium or the audience within it. The word persists in this sense in the phrase Ã¢â¬Å"full houseÃ¢â¬ and the expressions Ã¢â¬Å"brought down the houseÃ¢â¬ (meaning Ã¢â¬Å"to produce an eruption of applauseÃ¢â¬ ) and Ã¢â¬Å"there wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t a dry eye in the house,Ã¢â¬ meaning that a performance was so affecting that everyone in the audience was brought to tears. (The word in the phrase Ã¢â¬Å"on the houseÃ¢â¬ is similar but refers to a complimentary offering by an eating or drinking establishment.) 9. Limelight Before the age of electricity, stage lighting was often produced by directing flame at a piece of calcium oxide, or quicklime. The illumination so produced was called limelight. Even though this method is obsolete, the term limelight persists in the phrase Ã¢â¬Å"in the limelightÃ¢â¬ to refer to one who is a center of attention. 10. Prop A property, also known as a prop, is any handheld item actually used by an actor, as opposed to something that could conceivably be handled (such as a drinking glass or a candleholder) but, because the script does not call for it, is not. A prop is, by extension, also anything so used to obtain a reaction, such as when a public speaker brandishes a photograph of a person or object to evoke an emotional response in the audience. To prop up oneself or another person, or an object, and to give props (meaning Ã¢â¬Å"respect, recognitionÃ¢â¬ ), stem from different meanings. 11. Staging This verb was originally used (and still is) to refer the mounting of a theatrical production, or, more specifically, the manner in which it is presented. By extension, when events are planned in such a way to derive a certain effect, we say that they are staged. The stage manager of an entertainment, in contrast to the director, who is responsible for the creative process during preparation for a production, is the coordinator of all backstage activities during the actual performance. From this term has derived the verb phrase Ã¢â¬Å"stage managingÃ¢â¬ to refer to behind-the-scenes manipulation of events. 12. Upstage In noun form, this word refers to the area toward the back of the stage. The term and downstage are relics of a time when some stages were raked, or tilted, for better audience visibility; later, the audience area was often raked instead. As a verb, upstage refers to an actor moving upstage so that the audienceÃ¢â¬â¢s attention is on him or her instead of a performer who is supposed to be the focus of the scene. One actor may also upstage another by otherwise calling attention to himself or herself. Either action, when deliberately done counter to the directorÃ¢â¬â¢s instructions during rehearsal, is considered highly inappropriate and unprofessional. In popular usage, the verb upstage is used in reference to anyone who calls attention to himself or herself at the expense of another person. 13. Wings The wings are the areas to each side of the stage, generally not visible to the audience, where actors stand by before going onstage or where set pieces or props are kept ready to be brought onstage by technicians between scenes or actors during scenes. The phrase Ã¢â¬Å"waiting in the wings,Ã¢â¬ in general usage, refers to someone prepared to be available, either to take over for someone else or to come to their assistance. Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Expressions category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:Regarding Re:50 Latin Phrases You Should KnowList of Prefixes and Suffixes and their Meanings
Saturday, February 15, 2020
Games Development and Architectures - Essay Example The aesthetics of the game are based on what girls might be interested in if they were to travel to Europe: how to order food; how to use public or other transportation; how to find shelter at a hotel or motel or boarding-house or hostel; and how to have a cultural experience in the country of their particular level. The context of the game is that Lupe and Lucky are two best friends going to Europe and so that is the reason why the game is called The Adventures of Lupe Vega (Western Europe Edition Part 1). Subsequent editions could be aptly named with Part 2 dealing with other Western European nations. However, for the first edition (part 1), it was thought that in order to introduce people to the arcade game that only 6 countries would be focused upon: Spain, France, Italy, Germany, the UK, and Ireland. This would definitely appeal to the targeted audience because a lot of young women like to travel and perhaps they might need the skills to go to such countries, but just havenÃ¢â¬ â¢t learned much about the culture they are going to travel to, in essence. So this is a very educational game which will appeal to young women. This way, they cannot only have a formal experience which introduces them to the social elements of ordering food in a foreign country, but how to gain access to shelter, transportation, and a cultural experience while on a particular level or country theyÃ¢â¬â¢re at.... not only have a formal experience which introduces them to the social elements of ordering food in a foreign country, but how to gain access to shelter, transportation, and a cultural experience while on a particular level or country theyÃ¢â¬â¢re at. 2) Structure of the game system, including a description of all the game components, their interactions, and game mechanics. [1 page] ? The game components include the background setting for 24 different scenes. It also includes menus for each of the six countriesÃ¢â¬â¢ food tasks, transportation information for six different transportation tasks, six shelter options for the different countriesÃ¢â¬â¢ shelter tasks, and six different options for each of the countriesÃ¢â¬â¢ cultural tasks. There may be multiple choices for each of the four tasks in each of the six countriesÃ¢â¬âtherefore, people may have choices as to what they would like to complete during their time playing the arcade game. This is a game at a much less speedy pace so people playing the game can take their time on a scene. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s more of an educational game as well, so there is no time limit a person can spend on one scene. The interactions are usually between two people at a timeÃ¢â¬âthe person who the character is approaching and the character herself. Game mechanics are a little bit more complicated, but basically this can all be written in C# code if necessary on the technical end of things. In order to complete successful coding of the game, it is imperative that the coder know the intricacies of the game and what each interaction may consist of, in general. Thus, the coder and the person who developed the game would have to work together on the final coded prototype. This prototype presented here does not include code, rather it provides an overall scope for game
Sunday, February 2, 2020
Importance of Recycling - Assignment Example The partnership allows Recycline to easily obtain the raw material for manufacturing the handles. And as more and more people are favoring the Go Green revolution, the availability of these plastic cups for Recycline is abundant at the collection points, where people are dropping more and more recyclable yoghurt cups. Another point that favors the company is the nature of Stonyfield FarmÃ¢â¬â¢s product, the demand for the Stonyfield Farm yoghurt will remain more or less constant with time resulting in a continuous and uninterrupted supply of yoghurt cups for Recycline. The Stonyfield Farm has been in the business since 1983 and with their organic and eco-friendly products, they have a much-trusted reputation in the market. The corporate image and experience of Stonyfield Farm will help the new and rising Recycline to form a better and stronger impact on the market. Recycling is a company that uses another companyÃ¢â¬â¢s waste products and turns them into their product. The company helps protect the environment through minimizing waste disposal. The company can use this ground idea for its existence as its Unique Selling Point Ã¢â¬ËUSPÃ¢â¬â¢ in marketing its products. The company can project its product as being a Green product. Ã¢â¬Å"Recycling relies heavily on publicity to market their brand.Ã¢â¬ (Kurtz 673) So the more the company will project its image and promote its product through media thee more marketing it will attract for its product. Hudson could use environmental magazines like Ecology, Environmental Values, Review of Environmental Economics and Policy etc. for placing its advertisements. The more coverage the company gets through readership of people interested in the Go Green notion the more popular its product will become. Another marketing strategy is the price comparison of the top brands of razors with the eco-friend ly razor of Recycline, for example, a double razor four pack of Recycline is $5 as compared to the othersÃ that are over $15. The company can encourage people to buy Recycline and save money with a cause of helping the environment.